Table of contents
The Jigsaw is a strategy that enables each team member/groups to contribute information that can be added to the whole. It also:
- encourages the development of specific skills within individual team members
- allows for each team member to have a role to collaboratively contribute to the whole group
- provides a structured approach for each of the team members to gather information to contribute to the whole group
What aspects of learning are being supported?
- Bloom’s Taxonomy: remembering, understanding, applying, analysing, evaluating, creating
- QT – Intellectual Quality: Deep Knowledge, Deep Understanding, Higher-Order Thinking, Metalanguage, Substantive Communication
- QT – Quality Learning Environment: Explicit Quality Criteria, Engagement, High Expectations, Social Support, Students Self-Regulation, Student Direction
Which apps could I use?
- DEC managed collaborative tools (via Portal): Google Docs, Microsoft Office 365, Adobe Connect.
- Related collaborative tools: Evernote, iCloud, BaiBoard, Note Anytime, Web2Access, Cool Tools for Schools, and Exploratree.
- Analogue collaborative tools: Paper, pens and Postit notes.
How do I use it?
- Each of the members then is required to complete their specific task.
- The team reforms, and the students share their information with each other. This information then can be collated, and the project can be completed.
- Basic Jigsaw:
- Organise the students into teams of four, and number the members from 1 to 4.
- Present a mini-project to each team, such as ‘a study of the local community’.
- Assign specific tasks to each member, such as:
No.1: Collect all available brochures from the local council.
No.2: Research any information available in the school library.
No.3: Construct a large map of the local area.
No.4: Compile a list of goods and services available in the local area.
- VARIATIONSOne of the most effective variations is known as Expert Jigsaw and it employs the use of Home Teams and Expert Teams. To implement this structure:
- Form students into Home Teams of four members, and number them from 1 to 4.
- Introduce the project or activity to the Home Teams eg ‘Design a future home’.
- The specific functions of the Expert Teams are then outlined in the following fashion:
Expert Team 1: Basic design layout of the future home.
Expert Team 2: The furniture.
Expert Team 3: The entertainment facilities.
Expert Team 4: The food preparation process.
- The Home Teams are then reformed into Expert Teams, which means that all of the
Home Team No.1’s move to Expert Team No.1,
Home TeamNo.2’s into Expert Team No.2, and so on.
- The Expert Teams then research their specialized area, and develop a range of ideas.
- Expert Teams then split up, and all members return to their original Home Team. At this stage, there then will be an ‘expert’ on each of the areas, such as ‘furniture’, within each of the Home Teams.
- By pooling their collective knowledge, the team members then can undertake their original task in an informed manner.